The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: EU heads of state and government agree to set the date of Brexit to 31 January 2020 or earlier if the British and European parliaments approve the withdrawal agreement by then. The British Parliament passes a law requiring the UK government to ask for a postponement of Brexit if there is no deal with the EU by 19 October 2019. On 20 December 2019, after the Conservatives won the 2019 British general election, the House of Commons passed second reading of the withdrawal agreement with a 358-234 lead. Following the amendments proposed by the House of Lords and the ping-pong between the two houses, the bill was granted royal approval on 23 January 2020, allowing ratification on the British side.  The transition period is not extended. The United Kingdom has stated that it does not want an extension. The option of an extension was included in the withdrawal agreement. The UK and the EU have had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. According to the British in Europe lobby group (which represents British citizens residing in EU countries) in June 2020, “up to 23 EU Member States had still implemented systems to document the future rights of the 1.2 million British citizens already living on the continent who are unaware of their future rights and obligations.”  “The UK introduced its [registration] system for EU citizens last March , in which more than 3.3 million people were granted pre-regulated or regulated status after Brexit,” he said.  The new relationship between the EU and the UK begins, provided an agreement has been reached, approved by the EU Member States, the European Parliament and the British Parliament. The other 27 EU member states are ready to authorise the Report in the UK (the UK is due to leave the EU on 29 March 2019).
If the UK Parliament approves the withdrawal agreement by 29 March, Brexit will be delayed until 22 May to allow time to pass the necessary legislation. If the British Parliament does not approve the deal by then, Brexit will be delayed until 12 April. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which will last until 31 December 2020 and can be extended by mutual agreement. During the transitional period, EU legislation will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the internal market and the customs union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adapt to the new situation and the new era, so that the British and European governments can negotiate a new trade agreement between the EU and the UK.   After the agreement of both chambers on the text of the law, he obtained royal approval on 23 January.